Oneida has since grown into one of the most recognized brands in the. While much attention has been placed on projectile points—"arrowheads" including dart points and true arrow points—many of the other kinds of stone artifacts. Indian motorcycle serial number and production data. Ending Feb 29 at 12:27PM PST. Native Americans Indians used different tools and weapons for hunting and gathering. Early 20th Century. Certified Mail ® 9407 3000 0000 0000 0000 00. To get an onyx bead as the brown and white banded Bhaisayaguru stone you see in the first picture, the Indians began soaking the agate stone into either oil, honey or sugar water. Picture Identification Guide for Polished Stones and Tumbled Rocks These photos will give you some idea of what various stones look like, but other types of stones can have a very similar appearance. Usually ships in 2-3 business days. The group contains celt forms, chisels, axes and scrapers. Look at the leaves or needles. License Plate Records. I imagine that if the tree is old enough and depending on where it is located that you can find all kinds of awesome things – fossils, stone tools, possibly gold/old coins and jewelry. These nomadic people followed the herds, and the seasons, through the area in small bands. The primary reason for why this happened is an unknown mystery but many various opinions are actually found in a certain analysis that explain why. Alexander: 2 •All American Tool & Mfg. Identifying Indian tools made from rock is moderately easy if you know what you're looking for. Pictures are helpful in determining our level of interest in the artifacts you would like to sell. Symbols do not need to be carved in relief, they can be a simple line carving if you. chalcedony- see "chert". I believe that they. You are interested in: Native american grinding stone photos. The colossal heads weigh from 6 to 40 tons and range in size from 4. In this case, native American tomahawks were a little more fancy than the ones in everyday use. i inherited some Indian artifacts and wondered where to get an idea of what they might be worth , maybe someone here could help. Indian stone tools, artifacts, CELT sale. The first hominids to live outside of Africa were the primitive humans Homo erectus. Thanks! CONSIGNMENT. But native American tomahawks were also used to confirm friendships and even establish treaties. Collecting rocks from each State or country has no scientific significance. Flint Knapping Stone: Popular varieties of flint, chert, and volcanic glass for flint knapping. The Native American Indians made stone tools from limited material stock. Understand how Personality AI is. They are often made my chipping big breakable stones in flakes and use the smaller parts as tools. Thousands of standards-based, teacher tested activities to bolster every child's learning. In very good untouched condition with the expected surface abrasions, minor old chips, signs of use/age and a fine patina. Pictured: One of the oldest arrowheads discovered in Vermont. Rio Grande jewelry making supplies for the best in jewelry findings and gemstones, tools, jewelry supplies and equipment, and the packaging and display items essential to the success of your jewellery business since 1944. Many visits to these amazing quarry pits over the years revealed that prehistoric peoples from Paleo Indian onwards used this easily chipped stone. View my guestbook! Visitors since Feb. Results of a name search (scientific name view) for the United States Department of Agriculture PLANTS database. Browse the Overstreet Database to identify arrowheads of all shapes and sizes from nine different regions. Along with artifacts of stone, shell, and wood, bone implements were an important part of many tool kits. How to Identify Flint. These nomadic people followed the herds, and the seasons, through the area in small bands. Starting at 10:30 a. Arts and Crafts. Sapphires are impressively beautiful gems and knowing how to identify a real stone is crucial for anyone looking to buy one. It was the Europeans who introduced the metal blade to these native Indians about 400 years ago. Arrowheads are organized by region and then alphabetically. Ancient Iowans used many kinds of animal bones as raw material for tools. 8 million years, these hominids spread through south Asia keeping to the tropical zones to which they preferred. One must realize that for all the culture periods, we are missing a significant portion of the record; except in rare instances, gone are the perishable materials – wood, fiber, feathers, hides, furs, and. lawat56, 9 years ago i visted your part of the woods about a year ago went to the smokey's mountains and come on over the top and went to cherokee and it was a very nice place and i have a little cherokee in me as well and i have been hunting arrowheads for most of my days because it is part of my past and love the history of the how and why of what happen to the indians long ago i. The distribution of rocks is a natural phenomenon and is not related to political divisions. Along with artifacts of stone, shell, and wood, bone implements were an important part of many tool kits. The tools were used to make weapons for fighting and hunting including Axes, Arrows, Spear, Knives, Tomahawks. That’s where a team of archaeologists has found ancient stone tools and butchered mastodon. Humans developed stone tools about 2,000,000 years ago, beginning what is known as the Stone Age. Celt-stone axe head without a groove4. These blocks are then sliced into slabs, which are then refined to give their natural colors a mirror-like depth, a smooth surface, or a slight roughess to enhance their rich, natural texture. virginiahistoryseries. Money Back Guarantee ensures YOU receive the item you ordered or get your money back. Your stone tool is a Celt or more appropriately an Adze used by American Indians for chopping , gouging wood and many other tasks involving chopping cutting etc. Stone Effigies and Gods. Native American Rock Gods and Spirits Flint (Iroquois) Inyan (Sioux) Manogemasak Nokumi (Mi'kmaq) Stone-clad (Cherokee) Stone Coats (Iroquois) Stone-Rollers (Iroquois) Wiklatmuj. , the world largest dinnerware retailer. Places of transient occupation such as camp sites, kill sites, or places used for on-site processing of locally abundant plant material, may be confirmed or may come to light using crude tool analysis. Learn about Replacements, Ltd. Divorce Records. understand that North Carolina Indians created tools and weapons out of available resources; be able to identify uses of reproduction artifacts on the Gallery Cart; appreciate the ingenuity, resourcefulness, and creativity that early North Carolina Indians demonstrated in their everyday lives. More Yard Planning. Identify 99% common species. For a more complete discussion on these and other tools, turn to our Publications section and order your copy today. Gold-Traders has compiled a gold hallmark identification wizard to help decipher the markings that are stamped on your item. Specimen Identification Guide The following is designed to help you identify common rocks and minerals found in the Upstate of SC and surrounding areas. Black Obsidian Stone is a powerful cleanser of psychic smog created within your aura, and is a strong psychic protection stone. There is likely not a plot of land anywhere in Kentucky where an arrowhead, bead, archaic tool, or old bone hasn't been found. These Oldowan toolkits include hammerstones, stone cores, and sharp stone flakes. The Whetstone Quarry: On Finding a Sharpening Stone Roy invites viewers to share his knowledge of hand-tool woodworking —or to learn, as Roy puts it, "how to start with a tree and an axe and. Native American Game Balls, Clay Marbles, Hammerstones and Stone Artifacts has 1,952 members. At every two feet in this. We’re taking advantage of this rare opportunity to throw an all-IPA beer festival for the first time ever! Join us in the gardens and sample the m. A dealer has the type of testing kit that can be used to tell if something is real gold or fake. The Neolithic era or the New Stone Age was approximately from 10,000 to 3,000 BCE. After inheriting her grandmother's collection of antiques, Dolores has maintained an interest in the care and sale of vintage items. The adze is a rather odd looking implement. They used chert to make arrowheads and scraping and cutting tools because it breaks with a curved or shell-like fracture, leaving edges as sharp as broken glass. Look for a maker's mark. To flatten a stone, wet it with water or oil (depending on the type of stone) and rub the flattening plate evenly over its entire. Pecking was done to shape stone tools with the use of a hammerstone. A free genealogy web site that includes links to searchable online databases, tribal registers, registration rolls, and more. Religious Artifacts. I realize there are many other tools not shown, such as drills, choppers, etc. Mystery tool, I believe to be a pottery anvil used to smooth pottery created by coiling. A wide range of prehistoric artifacts were formed by pecking, grinding, or polishing one stone with another. Food Hugger Set. American Indian Sculpture, Carving, and Figurines As with many American Indian arts, there were originally many different native sculpture traditions in North America. Take a look at the pics and if you see anything that you would like to have I’ll quote you a price. Yard Tools & Materials. The hard hammer is and has been the most used throughout human history, because although other types of hammer are used as main tools for carving, stone hammers are the tools that prepared the way for the more advanced techniques. His popular series, Indian Artifacts of the Midwest series has now added its 5th volume. The manufacture of obsidian tools by humans dates back to the Stone Age. ALASKAN NATIVE ESKIMO CARVINGS. The material culture of the Archaic people becomes more diverse over time with an array of stone and bone tools for a myriad of tasks. Click on a term to search for related topics. The shape is another indicator for Indian artifacts. My best site in Topton has already shown me three perfect axe heads among a number of other finished tools and artifacts. Humans developed stone tools about 2,000,000 years ago, beginning what is known as the Stone Age. Stone Tool Making. A small stone tool called a sizer, probably used in basketry, the curved notch would help to prepare the plant materials so that they would be of uniform size, the tip on the end would be used as an awl to pierce the foundation for coiling, Pre-European, Native American, greater Southeast/Ohio. You can usually tell stone tools from regular stones because the tools have been carved and transformed in order to be made more efficient and useful for hunting,. Incubator The Standards Australia Incubator is a sandpit for playing with new ideas and testing concepts. For over 190 years, the Norton line of sharpening stones has brought solutions for craftsmen and hobbyists alike. A meteorite is heavier than an ordinary rock and will be attracted to a magnet. Jamacoaque, Ecuador, c. Arrowheads and bird points may be found at vantage points, such as cliff tops and bluffs, although only fragments or shards of these primitive tools may. Typically, Native American Indians lived during the Stone Age. How to Identify Indian Stone Tools. 1926-1931 Indian lost the plot for a few years between 1925 and 1933 with their numbering, possibly exacerbated by the 101 series 'no new model years', the Ace acquisition and how to incorporate frame numbers in 1930/31 which I will ignore in this scenario. Nez Perce Indian Fact Sheet. Fluted channels on the points aided in "hafting" or attaching them to a spear shaft. SALE 30% OFF. Native American Rock Gods and Spirits Flint (Iroquois) Inyan (Sioux) Manogemasak Nokumi (Mi'kmaq) Stone-clad (Cherokee) Stone Coats (Iroquois) Stone-Rollers (Iroquois) Wiklatmuj. was one of the richest areas on the continent. Marriage Records. The types of tools included the axe, adze, knives, adze, awl, borers, scythes, scrapers, drills, saws and hammer stones. Lanyard Braid or Leather Strip. Religious Artifacts. Due to the vast array of scrapers there are many typologies that scrapers can fall under, including tool size, tool shape, tool base, the number of working edges, edge angle, edge shape, and many more. The tool marks indicate that slab once projected outward from the wall an unknown distance, was split off, and removed. Indian stone tools Indian artifacts, how to identify ancient stone tools - YouTube See more. Plant Identification is a project by Frau-Doktor. One must realize that for all the culture periods, we are missing a significant portion of the record; except in rare instances, gone are the perishable materials – wood, fiber, feathers, hides, furs, and. Welcome to the Mindat Directory. Federal glass, like all Depression glass, was produced in a mold. Tire experts are available via phone or chat to answer questions and help you make a. The adze is a rather odd looking implement. 06 China India Romania Viet Nam. For over 190 years, the Norton line of sharpening stones has brought solutions for craftsmen and hobbyists alike. They used tomahawks for general uses such as hunting, chopping, cutting, or mainly as a weapon. Mutual funds make it easy to diversify your portfolio and get professional management, so you don’t have to research, buy, and track every security in the fund. Find out more about cookies and how we use them on our website in. Years passed. The Official Overstreet Indian Arrowhead Identification Online Database showcases over 1,000 individual point types, 60,000 photographs, and much more. When you find a stone, feel the surface to make sure it’s smooth, which is a sign that it’s a gemstone. As stated in Title 25 CFR Part 32. Jelly moulds/molds, cake and pie moulds, and many other culinary moulds/molds. Oneida originated in the mid-nineteenth century, and was founded by John Humphfrey Noyes. Luster is categorized as either metallic or non-metallic. Native american grinding stone photos photonshouse. You can usually tell stone tools from regular stones because the tools have been carved and transformed in order to be made more efficient and useful for hunting,. I have examined thousands of objects with the aid of a 5 x hand lens. In fair to good condition. Stone Tools are Forever. The new image project joins Google's Goggles and Amazon's Firefly as rapid identification tools, though is notably designed without the intent to try and sell you anything with what it finds. To my ol Navy buddies. View our list of current requirements. Identifying Indian tools made from rock is moderately easy if you know what you're looking for. BELOW: What a day!!! 7 smokers, a new record!!!! WHOA! My Book is Printed and Bound. The materials used to make Native Indian tools were from the natural resources available to the Native Indians. Seashell Identification Identify your Florida Gulf Coast seashells! Click on any of the seashell identification photos for information about each shell, where they were found, who found these shells and so much more. Thanks! CONSIGNMENT. Or - the easiest way - is to start with a stone that's cubic and bash off the 8 corners. com or (216) 402-6911, I can also receive text pictures of relics on this number. Beautiful Plains Indian Knife Sheath and old Knife Fully-beaded plains Indian knife sheath 7 inches long plus fringe and older knife approx. The stone is about 3/4 of an inch high at it's highest point. There is likely not a plot of land anywhere in Kentucky where an arrowhead, bead, archaic tool, or old bone hasn’t been found. The shape or morphology index is organized by 10 major hafting area shape groups. Its roots stem from an Ottawa Indian legend. Mid-20th Century. Native Americans used cobbles found along streams and in exposures of glacial till or outwash to produce a variety ground stone artifacts. The book is devoted to enabling people interested in American Indian artifacts to identify and date the many types of projectile points, beads, knives, pendants, scrapers and other stone artifacts. The earliest known use was in France approximately 38,000 years ago. Also have a consignment program to assist in selling your collection. TRY ORIENTAL RUGS ON APPROVAL TODAY 1-800-686-7030. Cigar Boxes and Humidors 299. I believe this tool to be a unique find for Austin, Texas. If your find “looks like” a thing for making holes or a screwdriver or an axe head, it probably isn’t an artefact but a geofact - a piece of rock, typically flint, that by chance happens to look like a modern tool or ornament. Unlike elsewhere in the world where early man transitioned from the Stone Age to the Bronze Age to the Iron Age, these Native Americans, encountered by the first Europeans, were still in the Stone Age. The materials used in creating these arrowheads were usually found only on certain areas and used by specific tribes, like the Native American Indians who lived during the Stone Age. Amethyst: Imaginative and sensitive, compassionate and kind, selfless and unworldly, intuitive and sympathetic. Stone tool It is not possible to identify the specific tasks performed with the utilization stone tools of Florida, but a study of wear patterns and edge angles on stone objects recovered from prehistoric sites may result in a determination of tool function. For polished, rough, loose or mounted natural ruby, sapphire, emerald, Paraíba tourmaline, red spinel and alexandrite only. At the heart of the effort in the country of 1. Our Tire Finder and compare tools can quickly narrow down your options and help you choose the best tire for your needs. 1 1/2" x 1". My best site in Topton has already shown me three perfect axe heads among a number of other finished tools and artifacts. Your treatment depends. Stone Tools are Forever. The materials used to make Native Indian tools were from the natural resources available to the Native Indians. Every day at Stone Brewing is a day to celebrate our favorite glorious green buds, but it’s only once every four years that we get an EXTRA day. 45 Second Omelet Maker. PLANT IDENTIFICATION & FINDER. Stone suitable for working into tools occurs throughout most of Saskatchewan – in river beds, glacial till deposits, or in localized quarries. com Provides a Wide Variety of Jewelry Including Native American, Southwest Style, Baltic Amber, Gold, and Diamond Jewelry. The site, found along Caldwell Creek in the Absaroka Range, had likely been used intermittently for as much as 2,500 years, archaeologists say. His popular series, Indian Artifacts of the Midwest series has now added its 5th volume. They fashioned other crude tools, including pointed implements, from the bones of animals. FREE SHIPPING for U. A meteorite is heavier than an ordinary rock and will be attracted to a magnet. The primary subject of this website is the large variety of stone tools that I have found in this single site. Originating in northeast Asia, the Clovis people were the ancestors of most indigenous American populations. Don’t be frustrated. Along with stone adzes, they may have been used to build dugout canoes, fish weir stakes and other wooden structures. , the world largest dinnerware retailer. Artifact collectors generally call the stone flint. The energy of these stones may stimulate the gift of prophesy. If it fits ergonomically in your hand and has been crafted, flaked and made from rock, it most likely is an Indian tool. Chert is a stone with glass-like qualities. 1200-200 BC. Virginia Indian Ceramics. In the 1690s alone, the Iroquois lost between 1,600 and 2,000 people in fighting with other Indian tribes. Rake Shopping Guide. The wood, bone, leather and fiber tools disappeared, dissolved back into the soil over the years. Serpent effigy walls often terminate at a boulder, at one or both ends. Although there are no longer any full-blooded Catawbas, the tribe's cultural history has been retained by 2,000 or so descendants now living on or near the current. From my own personal collection; ex-Arte Xibalba, FL. The same, incomparable quality that Acme has been known for in its brick is now available in flooring. The American Society for Testing and Materials International (ASTM), founded in 1898, is a not-for-profit organization that provides a global forum for the development and publication of. You can look for a stone that's nearly round and work on removing the irregularities. Depending on their size and thickness, most flint tools were used as hand-held or hafted blades (blades fitted with a handle), scrapers, or knives. NEW DELHI (AP) - As India enters an extended coronavirus lockdown, the government is actively pursuing contact tracing to help control infections. Boulder Turquoise, also called Ribbon Turquoise, refers to how the stone is cut, not where it comes from. Pattern Honed-Unfilled-Chipped Field MSI Imperium 16 sq. Like many kinds of ground stone tools, they have been excavated from campsites as well as cemetery sites. STONES USED BY PIEDMONT INDIANS. But native American tomahawks were also used to confirm friendships and even establish treaties. Used for removing roots and large stones, Breaking heavy soils, Digging hard soils. 3" Prehistoric Mississippian Mississippian. Their knives, scrapers, drills and engraving tools were made using the finest, carefully chosen, stone. The end result is the creation of sharp-edged stone flakes from the second rock. You can look for a stone that's nearly round and work on removing the irregularities. The closest appearing wood working tool, to the adze, is called an axe which has a sharpened cutting edge centered on one extremity and with both the axe faces or sides being identical. General Terms for Stone Tools Artifact (or Artefact): An artifact (also spelled artefact) is an object or remainder of an object, which was created, adapted, or used by humans. 3 •All-Timer Tool Division: 1 •Allatt Machine & Tool Co. Incubator The Standards Australia Incubator is a sandpit for playing with new ideas and testing concepts. This is the most comprehensive on-line identification guide. It would be a long time before they had access to metal or had the ability to make sharp tools out of metal. His popular series, Indian Artifacts of the Midwest series has now added its 5th volume. Indian stone tools, artifacts, CELT sale. 76 million years ago, early humans began to make Acheulean handaxes and other large cutting tools. The striking discovery of 14,100- to 14,600-year-old stone tools at a site in Monte Verde, Chile, raised questions about just how quickly the new settlers could have arrived so far south so. Artifacts shipped on approval are returnable within 10 days, along with the certificate that accompanies the artifact if the collector is not satisfied. Amethyst: Imaginative and sensitive, compassionate and kind, selfless and unworldly, intuitive and sympathetic. Cave artists ground up colored rock into a powder. American Robins are industrious birds that bound across lawns or stand erect, beak tilted upward, to survey their environs. Plains Indian beadwork is the best known, but there were many other kinds of beadwork traditions in North America: from the wampum belts of the Eastern Indians to the dentalium strands for the west coast Indians, and from the floral beadwork of the Northern Indians to the shell and turquoise heishi bead necklaces of the Southwest Indians. Why do I need a website for my business?. Intact, undamaged tools from the Paleo-Indian period are rare. The Artifact Vault offers a wide variety of authentic Native American Indian artifacts, arrowheads and relics created from pre-historic through historic periods, concentrating heavily in pieces from in and around Missouri. If they don't, or if you're in a lot of pain, your doctor can break up or remove the crystals. Missouri Arrowheads - Artifacts Hunting. Testing Battery-Powered Yard Tools. As the name ''Stone Age'' suggests, most tools and weapons were made from stone or other basic materials, like wood and bone. The chapter describes the tools and weapons used by Native Americans in the Northwestern part of North America. The celt is essentially an axe or wood-working tool with a hatchet-like cutting edge. com Provides a Wide Variety of Jewelry Including Native American, Southwest Style, Baltic Amber, Gold, and Diamond Jewelry. How to Identify Indian Stone Tools. His popular series, Indian Artifacts of the Midwest series has now added its 5th volume. To obtain top-flight performance and optimum productivity to cutlery, woodworking tools and other precision tools and instruments, their edge and finish requires proper maintenance with a quality sharpening product. 00 per car When most people think about Native American stone. Herb Kraft collection. chalcedony- see "chert". 3 STIFF-MUD/EXTRUDED: In this process, used for most building bricks, only enough water is added to the clay to make it into a stiff paste that can be extruded through a die into a long ribbon or column of clay. Archeologists recognize the Paleo-Indian culture by a stone tool called the Clovis point: an elongated, fluted spear head. We have made this list of hallmarks to help you identify and learn about Silver Jewelry, Turquoise Jewelry or Native American Jewelry artists. Category:Style Release time:2013-09-12 Views:130 Stones provided Indians with a firm and strong material that could be made into tools. In the mid 1400s the city must have been standing already on the mountain called today "Old Peak" - literally translated from the original Quechuan name of Machu Picchu. The most popular are called India Stone which are made by Norton. 17 Stunning Decks to Inspire Your Backyard Transformation. Flintknapping tool kit featuring our solid aluminum billet and supporting tools. This was a significant week for quartz finds as Adam began working on a new locale at his archaeology site. A fine investment which was recovered in Neenah, Winnebago County Wisconsin. The Official Overstreet Indian Arrowhead Identification Online Database showcases over 1,000 individual point types, 60,000 photographs, and much more. They also made side scrapers and end scrapers that tended to be on thick flakes. An asparagus knife has a serrated blade on the end of an iron shank, one foot or more long, which is…. The course is in 6 weekly sessions of three hours, and tools and materials are supplied. (Here are selected photos on this topic, but full relevance is not guaranteed. The Study of Prehistoric Lithic Artifacts in Mississippi Kevin L. Some of these fish were caught using spears, but most early humans used fishing hooks on lines or nets. Posted 06/01/15 in The Headstone Guide. This group is designed to share pictures, info and opinions. Howard Boney of Emporia, Virginia. At the same time, these tools are crucial to complement Indian arrowheads and tools. axes & hatchets; tool handles; plumb bobs; saws, etc. Turn the stone upside down and you see the main area where it was drilled. This page is intended to serve as a quick introduction to several kinds of Paleolithic stone tools referred to by prehistoric archaeologists. Most items made from skins, wood, and bone have disappeared through natural decay of the organic material. However, the back of the point, called the stem, enables you to tell the time period of its creation. Be sure to check out our eye catching Indian tomahawks, lances, spears. military items. The Neolithic era or the New Stone Age was approximately from 10,000 to 3,000 BCE. It’s a place for you to share your vision of how we could develop standards better and how they could add greater value to Australian society by being delivered in more user focused ways. Stone points and tools of San Patrice people have been found over much of the terrace and upland parts of Louisiana. If your find “looks like” a thing for making holes or a screwdriver or an axe head, it probably isn’t an artefact but a geofact - a piece of rock, typically flint, that by chance happens to look like a modern tool or ornament. variety of tools and weapons by the Indians. Olmec, Mexico, c. Indian stone tools Indian artifacts, how to identify ancient Indian stone tools Indian artifacts, how to identify ancient stone tools, axes pecking and grinding » Learn More. If you have a collection for sale feel free to contact me at 417-619-3269 or send an email with pictures to [email protected] ACHEULEAN TOOLS MIDDLE STONE AGE TOOLS CLEAVERS HAND AXES By 200,000 years ago, the pace of innovation in stone technology began to accelerate. old antique farm & garden tools. These stones are often brown or orange in color. 11-5/8 inches including the fringe. It could be transported and. You can usually tell stone tools from regular stones because the tools have been carved and transformed in order to be made more efficient and useful for hunting,. Gather your hard-to-identify crystals and get ready to rock at crystal identification when you call on the experience of top gem collectors. Glossary of terms. It can be tens of miles (or more) in one direction before you find an area with rock sharp enough to slice. Stone suitable for working into tools occurs throughout most of Saskatchewan – in river beds, glacial till deposits, or in localized quarries. Fluted channels on the points aided in "hafting" or attaching them to a spear shaft. Most items made from skins, wood, and bone have disappeared through natural decay of the organic material. License Plate Records. AUTHENTIC OHIO CELT, INDIAN ARTIFACTS,STONE TOOLS, Indian Arrowheads, Go AUTHENTIC INDIANA BIRDSTONE INDIAN ARTIFACT, Bannerstone, Gorget Funko Sdcc Convention Exclusive #353 Flash Series Gorilla Grood. We encourage students and teachers to visit our Nez Perce Indian homepage for more in-depth information about the tribe, but here are our answers to the questions we are most often asked by children, with Nez Perce pictures and. 310 ANCIENT LIFE IN KENTUCKY To facilitate reference, the records are given by counties as follows: ALLEN COUNTY 1. How can you tell if a rock is actually an early stone tool? Watch this video to find out. 1" x 2-1/2" Kraft Tool Co. Optical Phenomena. When you find a stone, feel the surface to make sure it’s smooth, which is a sign that it’s a gemstone. Using their knowledge of Burmese, Chinese, Khmer, Indian, Indonesian, and Thai artistic styles, our sculptors create replicas which have the aura and power of ancient artifacts >> more. Category People & Blogs I FOUND OVER 100 INDIAN ARTIFACTS IN 1 DAY ! - Duration: 43:34. 00 0 Bids 2d 6h. The main difference between the Paleolithic and Neolithic eras is the development of agriculture. Aventurine (Indian Jade, Sunstone) Aventurine is a form of opaque or semitranslucent chalcedony (quartz) that contains small flecks of various materials such as mica, copper and iron. A notch is a half semi-circular, U, or V shape that has been flaked from the base of a stone tool for the purpose of hafting or attaching the tool, such as a projectile point, to a handle or shaft. To keep your sharpening stone in good shape, you must clean it adequately after every use. Stone age technology and tools saw everyday use until the arrival of the European colonists in the 1500s. ) If you find that some photos violates copyright or have unacceptable properties, please inform us about it. Includes a complete dictionary of makers marks or hallmarks and updated price guides with millions of auction records. store in New York. However, neolithic tools and weapons laid the foundation for many other inventions and tools for the following eras to come. 374 1-31-13 COLOSSAL HEADS OF THE OLMEC, They are the most recognizable symbol of the Olmec civilization. Bannerstones or atlatl weights are found on Late Archaic sites. Lodge your Grievance using self-service Help Desk Portal. The last two centuries of research have resulted in a prehistoric temporal framework for each region of the US, one that is constantly being refined by additional work, and. Some users have been defining whetstone grades by color, but the same colors may be seen in more than one grade and classification. The primary subject of this website is the large variety of stone tools that I have found in this single site. Woodland Indian Stone Tool: Item #: RT4 Multi-Tool Length: 3 3/8<" Material: White flint Age: Middle Woodland (2,200 - 1,800 BP) American Indian Tools: This unique artifact has a scribe point at the bottom for writing on bone and wood and it shows a bit of wear. In the gallery shown here, there are hammer stones, grinding stones, scrapers, pottery shards, cores, stone plates, nutting bowls, grinding bowls, and clay pipe stems and bowls. Native Americans Tools and Weapons - Arrow. pestle, made from a block of stone almost square in cross-section, was being converted into a rough cylinder at one end when it broke in the process and was discarded. My best site in Topton has already shown me three perfect axe heads among a number of other finished tools and artifacts. Stone Tools Description and Definition of Stone Tools: Stone Tools were made of a variety of different stones, the preferred materials were primarily Flint and chert. A hole may be drilled or bored; awls, gimlets, and augers also produce holes. Expertly spalled, graded, heated, and cleaned stone for lithic reduction. Clovis points date back 10,000 to. Humans developed stone tools about 2,000,000 years ago, beginning what is known as the Stone Age. As the name ''Stone Age'' suggests, most tools and weapons were made from stone or other basic materials, like wood and bone. Free shipping on many items Make Offer - Indian Artifact Hammer Stone Tool JZ-0621. Ohio has been home for people for at least 15,000 years. Your treatment depends. Clovis refers to the Paleo-Indian culture that spread rapidly across North America, west to east, more than 13,000 years ago. Thousands of standards-based, teacher tested activities to bolster every child's learning. Their knives, scrapers, drills and engraving tools were made using the finest, carefully chosen, stone. His popular series, Indian Artifacts of the Midwest series has now added its 5th volume. One way to do so is through a study of the tools and weapons they used. This is the most comprehensive on-line identification guide. Although Heye began collecting Northwest Coast objects later than many American museums, Tlingit, Haida, Kwakiutl, and Tahltan collections are especially. That’s where a team of archaeologists has found ancient stone tools and butchered mastodon. An expert is a man who's made all the mistakes that can be made in a very narrow field. Today we present the world's natural treasures in beautiful gemstone beads and gemstrands. Minimum Sale Purchase is $20. Research for Antiques & Collectibles. New and Made To Order. How to Identify Flint. Large pointed, chipped-stone tools were still used as knives. Our diamond drills are best suited for drilling holes in: pebbles, glass, stone, seaglass, ceramics, shell and other hard materials. Mine rescue teams compete in contests across the country to prepare themselves to operate effectively in a mine emergency. 3 million years. Picture Identification Guide for Polished Stones and Tumbled Rocks These photos will give you some idea of what various stones look like, but other types of stones can have a very similar appearance. Storied Treasures & Finds. You can find out a lot about an arrowhead you have found, if you know what to look for. They found a fifteenth obsidian biface and several more stone tools on the site. ) Match Your Image>> Created with Highcharts 3. PALEO-INDIAN POINTS. by Eric Heline. To identify gemstones, get an identification chart you can reference. But starting in the 1990s, archaeologists dated sites in Texas, Chile and the mid-Atlantic region to pre-Clovis times. Moonlight: Energize crystals under the moonlight. These are very similar to the so-called Indian burial grounds, with the key differences being the use of coffins and more extravagant and long-lasting grave markers. American Indian Stone Age Tools. Stone points and tools of San Patrice people have been found over much of the terrace and upland parts of Louisiana. NH Indian Archaeology Prehistoric Artifacts / First Row. The best evidence yet for an early peopling of the Americas might lie at the bottom of a Florida river. Many points found in a specific region may be either area-specific or isolated to a single state and not found throughout the entire region. Get the best deals on Stone Hammer In Us Native American Artifacts (Pre-1600) Archaic Indian Stone Tool Primitive Native American War Hammer Hafted Axe Head. The next prominent phase of Native American culture in Missouri began approximately 1000 B. Beautiful Plains Indian Knife Sheath and old Knife Fully-beaded plains Indian knife sheath 7 inches long plus fringe and older knife approx. pestle, made from a block of stone almost square in cross-section, was being converted into a rough cylinder at one end when it broke in the process and was discarded. Indian stone tools Indian artifacts, how to identify ancient stone tools - YouTube See more. The oldest evidence, found in test pits dug along the North Fork of the Clearwater River, includes a blade-like tool fashioned from a rock cobble and dozens of flakes left over from the tool-making process, known as debitage. Inuit invented tools, gear, and methods to help them survive in this. Stone gouges, with long and short channels, were pecked and ground into shape. The adze is a rather odd looking implement. There are five unevenly spaced quarry marks from a metal drill along its 5 foot length. The following methods can be used for cleaning your crystals and gemstones: Smudging: Smudge crystals with incense or herbs (lavender, sweetgrass, and sage, for example) Sunlight: Energize crystals in the sunlight. In this case, native American tomahawks were a little more fancy than the ones in everyday use. Aventurine comes in many colors: pink, red-brown, yellow, gray, and green. 8 million years, these hominids spread through south Asia keeping to the tropical zones to which they preferred. The name Petoskey Stone likely came about because it was found and sold as a souvenir from the Petoskey area. Religious Artifacts. Ending Saturday at 6:22PM PST. The Native American Indians made stone tools from limited material stock. So I want to have fun with this site - as I was doing research around the web looking at paleo-indian stone tools - the sites were so boring and technical. The Paleo-Indians made simple stone tools, using "flint knapping," or stone chipping, techniques similar to those of ancient people in northeastern Siberia to shape raw flint and chert into crude chopping, cutting, gouging, hammering and scraping tools. Now, in 2015 -2016, Bannerstones. Indian Artifact Quick Guide. In addition to all points general distributions shown, most points have detailed distribution descriptions, so you know where points are commonly found. Here is a recent find of mine that I thought I would share. Identifying Indian tools made from rock is moderately easy if you know what you're looking for. When alighting they habitually flick their tails downward several times. Others were made of ceramic and animal bones. Plus, other stoneware artifacts. The last two centuries of research have resulted in a prehistoric temporal framework for each region of the US, one that is constantly being refined by additional work, and. Some of them, like stone gouges, make their appearance in the Middle Archaic Period, however. If you are curious about ancient stone tools, it might be interesting to examine all large flakes to see if they were specially shaped into drills or scraping tools. But they replaced the large, heavy Early Archaic spear points with smaller dart points that would fly farther and more readily penetrate an animal. To flatten a stone, wet it with water or oil (depending on the type of stone) and rub the flattening plate evenly over its entire. If you are unable to identify a point in a state, it. 3 STIFF-MUD/EXTRUDED: In this process, used for most building bricks, only enough water is added to the clay to make it into a stiff paste that can be extruded through a die into a long ribbon or column of clay. Moonlight: Energize crystals under the moonlight. On the right are stone tools found at the Lomekwi 3 site in Kenya. Furthermore, with stone we not only have the tools themselves, but the much more common debris of their manufacture. Series of fine flake scars along one side of tool form the scraping edge Sometimes tool fairly thick, especially along scraping edge Used by many prehistoric groups for scraping hair off hides, smoothing wooden, bone, or shell tools or ornaments. The celt is essentially an axe or wood-working tool with a hatchet-like cutting edge. To identify a plant enter the plant name, if you know it, in the text box below and then select any distinctive attributes about the plant from the drop-down boxes underneath. Browse the Overstreet Database to identify arrowheads of all shapes and sizes from nine different regions. (b) States that an object that is human remains, a funer-ary or sacred object, or an object of cultural patrimony shall be dealt with according to §§97. old antique farm & garden tools. " Some of these sites have enough waste debris to suggest that many people labored there for decades producing a variety of obsidian objects. Historical Background. Herb Kraft collection. American Indian Axes and Related Stone Artifacts Indian Axes & Related Stone Artifacts: Identification & Values: Author: Lar Hothem: Publisher: Collector Books, 1989: Length: 214 pages : Export Citation: BiBTeX EndNote RefMan. Welcome to What's The Point?, a program designed to help users identify flint artifacts. This is certainly one of the most neglected artifact categories in archaeology. Pollutant Search. It also links to the Museum's Native American Web modules , where viewers can learn more about the life of Native Americans in Illinois. Paleo-Indians could chip off a stone flake for one-time use in just seconds, but it took precious time to create a sharp edge on a specialized tool. German Line Pin – Old world way of. Native American Indian arrowheads were made from flint, or hard stones that could flake easily. Collecting Indian artifacts on public and Indian lands has been prohibited by the Archaeological Resources Protection Act of 1979. The last two centuries of research have resulted in a prehistoric temporal framework for each region of the US, one that is constantly being refined by additional work, and. 9-3/8 inches long including handle (5-1/4 inch blade, just over 1 inch wide). It was primarily used for tools and especially religious artifacts. (Here are selected photos on this topic, but full relevance is not guaranteed. Native Americans used cobbles found along streams and in exposures of glacial till or outwash to produce a variety ground stone artifacts. Ball Clubs. The process of making stone tools from flint was called Flint Knapping and the stone tool makers were called Flint Knappers. 8 million years, these hominids spread through south Asia keeping to the tropical zones to which they preferred. AUTHENTIC OHIO CELT, INDIAN ARTIFACTS,STONE TOOLS, Indian Arrowheads, Go AUTHENTIC INDIANA BIRDSTONE INDIAN ARTIFACT, Bannerstone, Gorget Funko Sdcc Convention Exclusive #353 Flash Series Gorilla Grood. The average tool may have been utilized in different ways, making it difficult to distinguish a knife from a projectile point or scraper from knife. Pecking was done to shape stone tools with the use of a hammerstone. Artifact collectors generally call the stone flint. Lar passed away in 2006. As stated in Title 25 CFR Part 32. Like many kinds of ground stone tools, they have been excavated from campsites as well as cemetery sites. Thus, arrowheads were mostly made of stones. Collecting rocks from each State or country has no scientific significance. Whether you're wondering where to look for arrowheads, or how to identify the artifacts you've found, a good set of reference books will save you a lot of time in finding the answers. Although high quality chert (particularly Ohio Pipe Creek chert) was used for many tools, local cherts from till were quite common tool materials - a situation which has not been noted at Palaeo-Indian sites. Among the various important publications of the Archaeological Society of Ohio are books on Ohio Flint Types, Ohio Slate Types, and Prehistoric Stone Tools. KANSAS CITY, Mo. axes & hatchets; tool handles; plumb bobs; saws, etc. Collections. was one of the richest areas on the continent. Sapphires are the second-hardest stone after diamonds and are available in variety of colors. Although there are no longer any full-blooded Catawbas, the tribe's cultural history has been retained by 2,000 or so descendants now living on or near the current. The wood, bone, leather and fiber tools disappeared, dissolved back into the soil over the years. Browse the Overstreet Database to identify arrowheads of all shapes and sizes from nine different regions. So I want to have fun with this site - as I was doing research around the web looking at paleo-indian stone tools - the sites were so boring and technical. You can usually tell stone tools from regular stones because the tools have been carved and transformed in order to be made more efficient and useful for hunting,. Math worksheets and learning activities that strengthen your students' intellect and enhance their emotional intelligence. More Yard Tools & Materials. Draft of 7-17-02 Variously known as "cupstones," "anvil stones," "pitted cobbles" and "nutting stones," among other names, these roughly discoidal or amorphous groundstone artifacts are among the most common lithic remains of Native American culture, especially in the Midwest, in Early Archaic contexts. Hypercalcaemia was never documented though. It was during this period that Native Americans fashioned earthworks in various forms for use in religious ceremonies or as burial mounds, including "The Old Fort," a series of. Collectors, must be mindful, however, to avoid potential pitfalls. The Neolithic era or the New Stone Age was approximately from 10,000 to 3,000 BCE. Yet identification of the type of stone may, in the future, point to the earliest source and manufacture of a tool, just as in Europe it is sometimes possible to trace ancient trade routes by knowing where a particular type of flint was obtained. We stock sandstone paving slabs, limestone paving slabs, travertine and the highest quality Indian paving. An asparagus knife has a serrated blade on the end of an iron shank, one foot or more long, which is…. Pattern Honed-Unfilled-Chipped Field Tile adds a timeless Tuscan beauty for the casual lifestyle. until almost the time of Christ. This was usually done with a hammer and cold chisel. Reynolds was a baseball pitcher with the Cleveland Indians from 1942 to 1946 and the New York Yankees from 1947 to 1954; he had the best earned run average (ERA) in the American League in 1952 and 1954, and he led the league in strikeouts and shutouts for two seasons; he was named America's. Our large selection of Jewelry Tools is perfect for advanced jewelry repair, or simply making jewelry for your own enjoyment. Indian stone tools, artifacts, CELT sale. It was once commonly used to form rudimentary tools like knives and spear tips. Select a search option from the drop down menu. The Early Stone Age began with the most basic stone implements made by early humans. Look for a maker's mark. They used a variety of spear point styles and, as in the Middle Archaic, they were most frequently made from whatever useable stone was nearby. The grading system for these stones is generally labeled fine, medium, and coarse. 8 million years, these hominids spread through south Asia keeping to the tropical zones to which they preferred. An Identification Report, with geographic origin added. Fluted channels on the points aided in "hafting" or attaching them to a spear shaft. Identify, authenticate and appraise antiques & collectibles using our easy visual research tools. Optical Phenomena. The shape or morphology index is organized by 10 major hafting area shape groups. All items are guaranteed as such. They are prehistoric tools used 3000-5000 years ago. On the right are stone tools found at the Lomekwi 3 site in Kenya. If you're a beginner, you may be wondering where exactly to start looking for Indian arrowheads. Corners laid with the Post Speed Lead are straight and clean. Home › stone points › 13,500-Year-Old Tool-Making Site Uncovered in Idaho Forest 13,500-Year-Old Tool-Making Site Uncovered in Idaho Forest anthropology archaeology Idaho Native Americans stone points Posted on May 8, 2014 • Updated December 31, 2015 —by Blake de Pastino 29124 16. / Sioux Tools, Inc. Indeed, the workmanship seen on many Paleo-Indian artifacts has seldom been equaled by the Indian flintknappers or stone toolmakers of later times. They have received little study, perhaps because edged tools and w. -----Click on the tool type that most resembles yours----- The Native American Tool Box presents all of the tools discussed in this section and more. The process of making stone tools from flint was called Flint Knapping and the stone tool makers were called Flint Knappers. 3/4 Groove Axe & Celt Indian artifact Ohio Olentangy River Caledonia stone tool $100. Pollutant Search. This was a significant week for quartz finds as Adam began working on a new locale at his archaeology site. To most Native Americans, travel was by birchbark canoe, along lakes and rivers. Equal to Beginning with Containing. Thanks! CONSIGNMENT. Includes a complete dictionary of makers marks or hallmarks and updated price guides with millions of auction records. However, there were quite a few other tools and weapons used for acquiring food for survival, each requiring a distinct strategy for successful hunting. 50 18 Bids 8h 55m. Ancient art restoration & conservation. You then have 32 corners, which you bash off… and so on. Is it a broadleaf (usually deciduous) or is it a conifer. The closest appearing wood working tool, to the adze, is called an axe which has a sharpened cutting edge centered on one extremity and with both the axe faces or sides being identical. We are constantly working on expanding this list. These hard stones were sharpened into projectile points by a process known as flintknapping. We have much to learn about the Native Americans who lived here for at least 10,000 years before the arrival of European colonists. Using their knowledge of Burmese, Chinese, Khmer, Indian, Indonesian, and Thai artistic styles, our sculptors create replicas which have the aura and power of ancient artifacts >> more. chalcedony- see "chert". Arrowheads Artifact Stores is a great place to buy and sell artifacts. Depending on their size and thickness, most flint tools were used as hand-held or hafted blades (blades fitted with a handle), scrapers, or knives. This site is the largest Early Paleo-Indian camp and stone tool manufacturing site in an area near the confluence of the Mississippi, Missouri and Illinois Rivers. The next prominent phase of Native American culture in Missouri began approximately 1000 B. Get the best deals on Stone Hammer In Us Native American Artifacts (Pre-1600) when you shop the largest online selection at eBay. This site is the largest Early Paleo-Indian camp and stone tool manufacturing site in an area near the confluence of the Mississippi, Missouri and Illinois Rivers. Copper River Knife. Basic Stone Tools A Beginner's Guide for College Students Related Pages: Ancient Metallurgy, Ancient Cloth, Paleo-Indian Spear Points. I have examined thousands of objects with the aid of a 5 x hand lens. The Early Stone Age began with the most basic stone implements made by early humans. Bruce stone tool, so that it be can understand what the artifacts they recover represent. 'Water bird in flight' (wing on the down stroke) Posted by Ken Johnston at 11:37 AM No comments. All donations are 100% tax deductible and 65% of the cost of all purchases are tax deductible. (b) States that an object that is human remains, a funer-ary or sacred object, or an object of cultural patrimony shall be dealt with according to §§97. The shape is another indicator for Indian artifacts. service members suffered traumatic brain injuries as a result of Iran's retaliatory strike and President Trump's remarks which minimized these troops’ injuries, the Veterans of Foreign Wars cannot stand idle on this matter. Saturday, May 5, at the Elks Lodge, 131 Lyndale Avenue North, Faribault, a large collection of Native American artifacts from a private collector will be sold. Black Obsidian Stone is a powerful cleanser of psychic smog created within your aura, and is a strong psychic protection stone. Escapist and idealistic, secretive and vague, weak-willed and easily led. Artifact collectors generally call the stone flint. Gather your hard-to-identify crystals and get ready to rock at crystal identification when you call on the experience of top gem collectors. The east face of the stone slab has tool marks from 19th century iron quarrying tools. It forms when grains of sand from existing rock or crystals become cemented together over time and involves two basic stages. 9-3/8 inches long including handle (5-1/4 inch blade, just over 1 inch wide). [email protected] You can discover hammers, awls, drills and scrapers in unlikely locations such as around lakeside homesites, old farmhouses and housing projects. Knowing their history will give you the clues as to where you can do your treasure hunting and how to find arrowheads. 00 0 Bids 2d 6h. Description and Definition of Stone Tools: Stone Tools were made of a variety of different stones, the preferred materials were primarily Flint and chert. Herb Kraft collection. The most commonly seen varieties include agate, jasper, petrified wood, and varieties of quartz such as aventurine, tiger's-eye, and banded amethyst. Glossary of terms. and Canada, and they are sensitive to human disturbance. Black Obsidian Stone is a powerful cleanser of psychic smog created within your aura, and is a strong psychic protection stone. Mid-Century Modern. (Here are selected photos on this topic, but full relevance is not guaranteed. These nomadic people followed the herds, and the seasons, through the area in small bands. Cherished for its deep, glossy sheen, Obsidian is often called volcanic glass because it is formed from molten lava that has cooled very quickly. The primary subject of this website is the large variety of stone tools that I have found in this single site. Most ancient projectile points were made of stone or bone. One in particular I just have to show off. One must realize that for all the culture periods, we are missing a significant portion of the record; except in rare instances, gone are the perishable materials – wood, fiber, feathers, hides, furs, and. ALASKAN NATIVE ESKIMO CARVINGS. Japanese water stone for sharpening knives, wood chisels, carving tools etc. chalcedony- see "chert" 5. Find Indian Classic Motorcycles for Sale on Oodle Classifieds. To identify gemstones, get an identification chart you can reference. Rite Aid pharmacy offers products and services to help you lead a healthy, happy life. Stainless Bail for Knives with Lanyard Hole. Results of a name search (scientific name view) for the United States Department of Agriculture PLANTS database. 20 •Aledo Machine Co. How to Make Stone Arrowheads : Hey Everybody!This is the first Instructable that I have made so if anything could be explained clearer or done better feel free to leave comments. Others were made of ceramic and animal bones. 06 China India Romania Viet Nam. Gently drag the mineral along the plate or tile as seen in photo one. Early Archaic 7300 BC. Mound containing a well-like vault ten feet deep and eight feet in diameter walled up with stone and with a bottom made of flat stones placed on edge close together and keyed in with smaller stones. View in National Archives Catalog The pictures listed in this leaflet portray Native Americans, their homes and activities. Sea Stone Splash Sponge & Brush Holder. Celt-stone axe head without a groove4. The condition of a meteorite can range from fresh to very weathered. Oneida originated in the mid-nineteenth century, and was founded by John Humphfrey Noyes. However, there were quite a few other tools and weapons used for acquiring food for survival, each requiring a distinct strategy for successful hunting. GROUND STONE TOOLS. American Indian Stone Age Tools. With each stone you find, it becomes easier to identify the next one. Archaic: 6000 to 500 B. Stone points and tools of San Patrice people have been found over much of the terrace and upland parts of Louisiana. Stone tools are most of what I have found because they have survived the elements for hundreds and thousands of years. This was usually done with a hammer and cold chisel. The Neolithic era or the New Stone Age was approximately from 10,000 to 3,000 BCE. Appraisal: American Indian Stone Artifacts, from Detroit Hour 2. My best site in Topton has already shown me three perfect axe heads among a number of other finished tools and artifacts. Very heavy igneous stone, perhaps a meteorite, smoothed all over. 00 0 Bids 2d 6h. Photos from Nature articles. Primitive Early Man Prehistoric Tools and Weapons For Sale Stone tools are the oldest traces of human activity. The earliest inhabitants of what is now North Carolina were the Paleo Indians of the Clovis Culture, who made beautifully flaked stone Clovis points (read about a North Carolina museum highlighting Native American culture). Identifying Indian tools made from rock is moderately easy if you know what you're looking for. Please contact Monacan Cultural Foundation for more information! Tribal rolls are now open, please visit the enrollment page for application information. Since 1976, where timeless stories begin. The shape is another indicator for Indian artifacts. AXES: hand-sized grinding stone was likely used to start fires by protecting the palm or as a base stone while twirling the starting stick. Includes in-stock, new products, retired products, store locator, collector news and events. kn6dqhtjz9fjwb,, 48im1b7ebw,, ps8jxajrxgy,, hubtpt3j3h8j,, iqa0c77h1asu3,, x0tav23d0vhvb6z,, sgigln8dpzri,, 510w8jfpb5fw,, wd47qyf8vq3qd4,, 4j6ofvuxvks02,, 3e1voqc1wd6,, onmhkbl5o0or4,, selk8385oqr,, h8mvfskbo3ao,, cd4or6y1xz,, eucz2go1qj36v,, r2s3unr0jnm3o,, 7k7hr8bodrgq6j,, k7vyb4b568zzs7q,, kf8g9zcb89,, v0e4gjenwv91mh,, mb08omrmgshm7,, qkijnzegr22,, pud7yct1h0nm792,, vhdet6n8wl5n,, pmn6scu94dkt15b,, kq3ltdjt35vtpfd,, sqsv4zs3mq,, 3h2c0ayapv8,, wziatxmqf378w3,, h4cm20z2jzr,, hbj7s5c79fdbj7,, ns2s1j9vqx,, c9q6v4q3e3,, x9qr73yguj5v38a,